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What is DMARC and what is this record used for?


What is DMARC?

DMARC (Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance) was developed to limit and reduce the abuse of emails, such as mail spoofing. The specification attempts to remove the long-standing insufficiencies associated with email authentication. With DMARC you define for your domain how the recipient server should authenticate incoming e-mails and how he should handle the message in case of an error. The recipient server uses the SPF as well as the DKIM entry of the sender domain. While SPF determines who can send a message on behalf of the domain and DKIM ensures that the message comes unchanged from the sender, the DMARC specification allows the sender to make additional recommendations on how the recipient should handle the mail that does not meet the requirements in one or more cases. If the recipient of an e-mail uses the DMARC specification, this ensures a consistent verification of the authenticity of this e-mail.

 

How is DMARC structured?

DMARC uses, similar to DKIM and SPF, a TXT record in the DNS settings. A resource record is created for the subdomain "_dmarc", which describes the DMARC policy for the sender domain. Below you will find an example how the DMARC of one of the domains "test.de" might look like:

v=DMARC1;p=quarantine;pct=100;rua=mailto:RUA@test.de;ruf=mailto:RUF@example.org;adkim=s;aspf=r

 

 Shortcut        Meaning
 v  Protocol version
 pct  Percentage of mails to be filtered
 ruf  Forensic report is to be sent to:
 rua  Aggregated report is to be sent to:
 p  Instruction, how to handle the mails of the main domain
 sp  Instruction, how to handle the mails of the sub domain
 adkim  Adjustment mode for DKIM
 aspf  Adjustment mode for SPF

 

How can I generate a DMARC entry for my domain?

In order to generate a DMARC record for your domain, you can find a generator on our website https://europeanmx.eu/de/mxtools/dmarc.


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